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Sunday, August 14, 2022

The Seminoles were an amalgamation of several Native American tribes and escaped slaves seeking freedom. The Second Seminole War, the longest and costliest war the US waged against Native Americans, took place in Florida from 1835 to 1842. It was the most sustained and successful effort by slaves to win their freedom by force of arms. Thousands of Seminoles were forced to move West, though some were allowed to stay in a reservation in Florida.

  • All Our Relations: Native Struggles for Land and Life, by Winona LaDuke. This thoughtful, in-depth account of Native struggles against environmental and cultural degradation features chapters on the Seminoles, the Anishinaabeg, the Innu, the Northern Cheyenne, and the Mohawks, among others. Filled with inspiring testimonies of struggles for survival, each page of this volume speaks forcefully for self-determination and community.