Skip to content

Sunday, October 16, 2022

On Oct. 16, 1968 during medal presentations at the 1968 Summer Olympic Games in Mexico City, winning sprinters Tommie Smith and John Carlos raised their black-gloved fists while the U.S. national anthem was played.

  • Zinn Education Project article Fists of Freedom: An Olympic Story Not Taught in School - Amateur Black athletes formed OPHR, the Olympic Project for Human Rights, to organize an African American boycott of the 1968 Olympic Games. OPHR had four central demands: restore Muhammad Ali’s heavyweight boxing title, remove Avery Brundage as head of the International Olympic Committee (IOC), hire more African American coaches, and disinvite South Africa and Rhodesia from the Olympics.